26th Annual IAJBS World Forum 2021 SERVING THE WORLD WITH INSPIRED BUSINESS EDUCATION ITESO Universidad, Guadalajara Mexico

Experience level: 
Advanced
Intended Audience: 
Faculty
Authors: 
Ivonne Tapia Villagómez PhD., Héctor Manuel Villanueva Lendechy PhD., Rey David Sigfrido Navarro Martino PhD.

Decent work indicators for bed and breakfast hotels in the magical town of Zacatlán de las Manzanas, Puebla, México.

The 17 objectives of the Sustainable Development of the 2030 Agenda of the United Nations Organization (UN), is an ambitious plan to solve urgent global problems, which have been generated by a neoliberal capitalist system that promotes the depredation of resources, as well as economic and social inequality. Although each of the Sustainable Development Goals have the same importance, objective number eight, which refers to decent work and economic growth, will be the one we address in this research, being limited only to the issue of decent work. Decent work can be related to the idea of decent work, as opposed to precarious work, which we could refer to as a means used by employers to transfer risks and responsibilities to workers. This idea of precarious work can be observed, for example, in triangular labor relations (outsourcing) or in the lack of unions in organizations in order for negotiations to be carried out individually. The concept of decent work has been built since the 87th Meeting of the International Labor Organization in 1999. The facets of decent work are as follows: 1. Job opportunities, 2. The idea of work in conditions of freedom, 3. Productive work, 4. The notion of equity at work, 5. Social security, 6. Labor dignity. In relation to the above, decent work is not only an idea, it is a construct that is measured at a macro and micro level, there is even a world index of decent work with which different nations are compared. The research work is descriptive and qualitative in its first stage, and mixed in a second stage, in which the indicators of decent work in hotels whose category is bed and breakfast of the magical town of Zacatlán de las Manzanas, will be applied, Puebla The objective is to measure the level of decent work of these tourism companies. The technique in its first stage will be documentary and in a second stage, it will be observation, panel and personal interview. The instruments will be the semi-structured questionnaires and the observation guide. The results of the first stage were the indicators selected for their relevance to the research subjects, using as a basis the document issued by the International Training Center of the ILO. This will allow the second stage of the project to be carried out, which will consist of field work in the magical town of Zacatlán de las Manzanas. It is worth mentioning that this second stage is not part of this document. The horizon of the investigation is to promote improvement in the regulatory context before the Ministry of Tourism of the state of Puebla, Mexico. Keywords: decent work, precarious work, indicators